Volume 36, Number 3, June 2018
|Page(s)||471 - 479|
|Published online||08 October 2018|
Concentrating System’s Design and Performance Analysis for Spacial Solar Array
A large area of sunlight onto solar cells is gathered by concentrating system for spacial concentrating solar array, which reduces the amount of solar cells by increasing light intensity onto the solar cells of the unit area. Under concentrating conditions, the short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, fill factor, efficiency, operating temperature and strong thermal-electrical coupling characteristics of concentrating solar cells are different from the conventional solar cells because of the high intensity and high operating temperature. The concentrating module design, solar cell selection, and design of solar cell heat-dissipation have been carried out. The thermal-electric coupling model of special concentrating photovoltaic system has been established. The relationships among concentrated ratio, substrate-thickness, thermal conductivity of substrate-material and solar cell’s temperature, density of short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, maximum output power have been analyzed, which provide a view to a reasonabl0e match and selection of multi-parameters in engineering design. Results show that the concentrated ratio has an overall effect on the open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current, efficiency and operating temperature of the solar cell. There is a strong coupling relationship among the parameters, and the positive and negative impacts caused by the concentrating characteristics should be weighed in the engineering design. The short-circuit current density of concentrating solar cells is proportional to the concentrated ratio. Under the lower concentrated ratio circumstance, fill factor and efficiency is not substantially affected by the concentrated ratio. The maximum output power and open-circuit voltage increase with the increase of concentrated ratio. Temperature of concentrating solar cells has an adverse effect on the open-circuit voltage, efficiency and output power, which needs high efficient radiator measures to be taken. The operating temperature of solar cells could be decreased significantly by the high thermal conductivity of the substrate-material. The concentrated ratio between 9~15 is recommended for spacial solar array, which not only embodies the advantage of concentrator like improving the cell-efficiency and decreasing the cost, but also doesn’t exact the deploying precision of concentrating system.
Key words: concentrating system / performance analysis / concentrated ratio / solar cell’s temperature / thickness of substrate
关键字 : 聚光系统 / 性能分析 / 聚光比 / 太阳电池温度 / 基板厚度
© 2018 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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