Volume 37, Number 2, April 2019
|361 - 368
|05 August 2019
Research on Aerodynamic Shape Design Scheme of a Distributed Propeller Transport Aircraft and Its Slipstream Effect
Computational Aerodynamics Institute, China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Mianyang 621000, China
With the continuous development and widespread attention of electric propulsion technology in traditional transportation fields such as automobiles and trains, the distributed propeller propulsion technology applied to electric or hybrid electric medium and small scale aircrafts has become a new topic in aviation research. This paper presents a preliminary design scheme of a distributed propeller electric propulsion transport aircraft firstly. Then, based on Reynolds average N-S equations, combined with the SA turbulence model, and replaced the real distributed propellers with simplified disk model, the aerodynamic characteristics of the aircraft with and without slipstream under the condition of low speed and high thrust at low altitude are analyzed. Finally, the effects of pressure distribution, pitching moment characteristics and wing flow on distributed propellers are studied in detailed. The results show that the lift and drag of the aircraft with slipstream are both larger than without slipstream and with slipstream effect, the pitching moment of the wing decreases, the pitching moment of the tail increases. When the tail is far away or completely inside the region of slipstream, the difference of pitching moment of the tail with and without slipstream is little, and the difference is obvious as the tail is only partially in the region of slipstream; When the diameter of distributed propellers is far larger than the wing thickness, more propeller power is used to shove air flow away from the surface area of the wing, and resulting in an insignificant increase in the coefficient of lift.
Key words: distributed propulsion / propeller / slipstream / transport aircraft / TRIP / numerical simulation / actuator disk
关键字 : 分布式推进 / 螺旋桨 / 滑流 / 运输机 / TRIP / 数值模拟 / 等效盘
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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