Volume 38, Number 2, April 2020
|Page(s)||366 - 376|
|Published online||17 July 2020|
Underwater Target Noise Recognition and Classification Technology based on Multi-Classes Feature Fusion
Navy Submarine Academy, Qingdao 266000, China
2 National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266000, China
3 Joint Operations College, National Defense University, Shijiazhuang 050000, China
As one of the main signal sources of underwater acoustic target recognition, the target noise signal is difficult to characterize the characteristics of the target from clearly comparing with the multi-sensor detection technology, which may lead to lower recognition rate and higher false alarm rate and seriously restricts the function of underwater acoustic detection system. In order to solve this problem, a multi-layers LSTM underwater acoustic target noise feature extraction model is established by using the long short term memory network. The information features such as time-domain envelope of target noise, Demon line spectrum and Mel frequency cepstrum coefficient are extracted, and a subset of multi-classes features is constructed. On this basis, the feature level fusion recognition and classification model based on the multi-classes features subset and the decision level fusion recognition and classification model based on the D-S evidence theory are established, and the above-mentioned models are tested by using the sample database. The difference of classification result between the multi-classes feature fusion and the single class feature recognition classification is compared, and the above model is tested and verified by using the relevant test data of port basin verification experiment. The correlation results show that the present intelligent recognition and classification method of underwater target noise based on the multi-classes feature fusion is more robust, and the recognition rate and false alarm rate of underwater target are better than those of single category feature discrimination method.
Key words: underwater acoustic target recognition / underwater acoustic target noise / multi-class feature fusion / feature level fusion recognition method / decision level fusion recognition method
关键字 : 水声目标识别 / 水声目标噪声 / 多类别特征融合 / 特征级融合 / 决策级融合
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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