Volume 38, Number 6, December 2020
|Page(s)||1249 - 1256|
|Published online||02 February 2021|
Flight Load Design of Nacelle of Carrier-Based Propeller Transport Aircraft
AVIC the First Aircraft Institute, Xi'an 710089, China
The carrier-based propeller transport aircraft has a compact layout, where the large nacelle in size and weight is sensitive to propeller slipstream, and thus calls for sophisticated flight load design studies, which are still insufficient considering domestic experience. In detail, the design methods on aerodynamic load, inertial load, gyrostatic moment, as well as studies on design criteria and maneuver simulation technology are shown for a reference aircraft. The design range applied to this nacelle's flight load is firstly determined by understanding and selecting the design criteria. The typical loadcases of the nacelle are derived from aircraft maneuver simulation. The data of pressure distribution under a series of propeller slipstream strengths is obtained by CFD method. The Design Loads and Design Loadcases of the nacelle are calculated and selected. The effects of the propeller slipstream are compared in an example of the increment on aerodynamic load in a maneuver. The results show that the Design Loads of the nacelle are obtained from the abrupt pitching maneuver under the maximum normal load factor (Nz), the yawing maneuver under the Design Dive Speed(VD), and the maximum propeller pull under the maximum landing weight; the transverse loads of the nacelle are dominated by the aerodynamic load, and the normal loads are dominated by the inertial load, in which the inertial force exceeds the aerodynamic force by 4 times under the extreme circumstances. In some manoeuvres or status, the total aerodynamic force of the whole nacelle is increased by above 90% due to propeller slipstream; the front part of the nacelle which is close to the propeller sees a much bigger increment.
Key words: carrier-based propeller transport aircraft / nacelle / aerodynamic load / inertial load / design criteria / maneuver simulation / propeller slipstream / design loadcases
关键字 : 舰载螺旋桨运输机 / 发动机短舱 / 气动载荷 / 惯性载荷 / 设计规范 / 机动仿真 / 螺旋桨滑流 / 设计载荷工况
© 2020 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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