Volume 39, Number 4, August 2021
|Page(s)||824 - 830|
|Published online||23 September 2021|
Underwater image enhancement method with non-uniform illumination based on Retinex and ADMM
School of Marine Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
In order to solve the image blurring and distortion problem caused by underwater non-uniform and low illumination, this paper proposes an underwater image enhancement algorithm based on the Retinex theory and the Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM). Firstly, the L component of the original image in the Lab space is extracted as the initial illumination map, and an Augmented Lagrange Multiplier (ALM) framework is constructed based on the ADMM to optimize the initial illumination map in order to obtain an accurate illumination image. In addition, the illumination map is further corrected in the luminance region with the Gamma Correction. Secondly, combined with the color constancy characteristics in the Retinex theory, the reflected image of the object is obtained. Finally, the bilateral filter is picked to suppress the underwater noise and obtain a more detailed enhanced image. The experimental results show that the underwater image enhancement algorithm can effectively solve the non-uniform illumination problem caused by natural light or artificial light source and improve the underwater image quality, thus having a better performance than other algorithms.
Key words: non-uniform illumination correction / underwater image enhancement algorithm / retinex theory / alternating direction method of multipliers(ADMM) / illumination map estimation
关键字 : 光照不均匀校正 / 水下图像增强 / Retinex理论 / 交替方向乘子法 / 光照图估计
© 2021 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.