Volume 39, Number 6, December 2021
|Page(s)||1169 - 1178|
|Published online||21 March 2022|
Noise prediction research of a scaled turboprop aircraft
Institute of Aerodynamic and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Aerodynamic Design and Research, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
2 Chinese Aeronautical Establishment, Beijing 100029 China
3 AVIC the First Aircraft Institute, Xi'an 710089, China
Aerodynamic noise level has become an important performance index of civil aircraft, and it is drawing more and more attention. Most airframe noise research based on CFD method is aimed at aircraft individual parts at present, while lack of noise prediction for the complex high fidelity full aircraft model. Due to the interaction between aircraft parts, noise prediction between single part and the actual configuration are very different in the aspect of calculation conditions, noise generation and propagation. Only by using more realistic model can the noise be accurately predicted. In this paper, high-resolution mesh and high-precision hybrid RANS/LES method, combined with the FW-H acoustic analogy method, are employed to predict the noise of a turboprop's high-fidelity 1/6 scale model of landing configure. The improved delayed detached eddy simulation (IDDES) method was used to simulate the flow in the near-field sound source region, and the sound source characteristics of the whole turboprop are obtained. In addition to the two important noise sources-flap side edge and wing tip, numerical simulation also found other two important noise sources resulting from the interaction between parts-interaction between nacelle wake and flap, and the complex flow between flap inner side and fuselage. Results of far-field noise show that in the longitudinal symmetry plane of the fuselage, the noise mainly propagates to the lower front and over back direction, and the dipole characteristics are very obvious. In the plane perpendicular to the incoming flow, the noise in the transverse direction is weaker.
Key words: computational fluid dynamics / aircraft noise / FW-H acoustic analogy / IDDES
关键字 : 计算流体力学 / 飞机噪声 / FW-H声类比 / IDDES
© 2021 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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