Volume 36, Number 2, April 2018
|Page(s)||388 - 395|
|Published online||03 July 2018|
Simulation of Nose Landing Gear Shimmy with Flexible Airframe Considered
AVIC Aircraft Strength Research Institute, Xi'an 710065, China
2 Key Laboratory of Aviation Science and Technology on Structural Impact Dynamics, Xi'an 710065, China
Shimmy stability of the nose landing gear of an aircraft is studied in this paper. Firstly, Shimmy model was built considering the dynamic characteristics of the airframe. Then the critical damping, critical velocity and frequency range of the shimmy are obtained by introducing relevant parameters into the shimmy model. The research shows that the problem of shimmy is a tire type shimmy caused by insufficient damping of dampers and brings coupled resonance with the vibration mode of the airframe, which can be avoided by increasing the damping of the shimmy. At the same time, the influence of airframe dynamics and tire stiffness on the shimmy characteristics of the landing gear is also studied. With the increase of tire torsion and lateral stiffness, the critical velocity, maximum critical damping value and shimmy frequency of the landing gear increase. However, the elasticity of the airframe makes the frequency of the aircraft landing gear lower and the stable region of the shimmy smaller, so that the phenomenon of shimmy is more likely to occur. Therefore, the influence of airframe dynamic characteristics can not be ignored when studying the shimmy stability of the landing gear of a modern large passenger aircraft.
Key words: landing gear / shimmy / dynamics / turning model / numerical simulation / stability / damping
关键字 : 起落架 / 摆振 / 动力学 / 转弯模型 / 数值仿真
© 2018 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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