Volume 37, Number 1, February 2019
|Page(s)||48 - 56|
|Published online||03 April 2019|
Bistability and Triggering Analysis of Thermoacoustic Instability in a Horizontal Rijke Tube
Science and Technology on Combustion, Internal Flow and Thermo-Structure Laboratory, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
Dynamical systems theory has been often employed to study nonlinear flow and flame dynamics in combustion systems. However, the corresponding studies using nonlinear dynamics to analyze the Rijke tube thermoacoustic system are still occasional. Little study has been performed to elucidate the characteristics of triggering phenomenon in the bistable region of the thermoacoustic system. In this regard, the main objectives of the present research are to contribute analysis for the lack of literature in these areas, especially to study the bistability and triggering properties of a thermoacoustic system. The thermoacoustic model of a horizontal Rijke tube is firstly established. The governing equations are expanded and solved by using Galerkin method. The analysis of the system is carried out by using nonlinear dynamics theory. Linear and nonlinear stability boundaries for the variation of non-dimensional heater power, damping coefficient and the relative heater location are obtained for different values of non-dimensional time lag in the system. Regions of global stability, global instability and bistability are characterized. The bistable region in the relative heater location is distributed symmetrically with xf=0.25. It is observed that the bistable region in the relative heater location firstly decreases with an increase in the non-dimensional time lag, reaching a minimum value at a certain critical value of τ, then increases. The situation for the bistable region in the damping coefficient presents a reverse variation, And the bistable region reach the maximum at τ=0.5. The triggering phenomenon and limit cycle of the system in the bistable region are studied. The critical triggering values are determined with the changes of the non-dimensional heater power, the damping coefficient and the relative heater location. The critical triggering value of velocity perturbation decreases with the increase of non-dimensional heater power, whereas an increasing trend is observed with the increase of damping coefficient. Interestingly, the critical triggering value firstly decreases and then increases with the increase of the relative heater location. The variation of critical triggering value for pressure perturbation is found to correspond with velocity perturbation. In the bistable region, the amplitude and frequency of the steady limit cycle oscillation of the system are independent of the initial perturbation values, but the perturbation value has strong effect on the duration needed to achieve the steady limit cycle, and the time required for the system to reach the limit cycle under the perturbation of U1=0.4 is about 3 times longer than that of U1=0.8.
Key words: thermoacoustic instability / nonlinear dynamics / bistability / triggering / Rijke tube / Galerkin method
关键字 : 热声不稳定 / 非线性动力学 / 双稳态 / 触发
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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