Volume 38, Number 1, February 2020
|Page(s)||48 - 57|
|Published online||12 May 2020|
Analysis of Flight Energy Variation of Small Solar UAVs Using Dynamic Soaring Technology
School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
Limited by its low energy capacity, small UAVs have short flight time. Therefore, it is of great significance to improve the endurance performance of small UAVs by applying solar energy technology and dynamic soaring technology which can obtain external energy. This paper analyzes the energy exchange principle of small UAVs using solar energy technology and dynamic soaring technology, and works out the strategy of maximum energy gain. Small UAV flight dynamics model combined with solar power-energy system was built, choosing surround flight path at twilight moment for simulation validation. The advantages of small solar UAV using dynamic soaring technology in energy acquisition in hovering flight and pure dynamic gliding flight are verified, compared with traditional solar vehicle. The significance of combining the two energy acquisition technologies to improve the endurance of small UAV is proved, which provides a basis for further study of all-weather uninterrupted flight in the future.
Key words: dynamic soaring / small UAV / trajectory optimization / solar energy / energy analysis
关键字 : 动态滑翔 / 小型无人机 / 航迹优化 / 太阳能 / 能量分析
© 2020 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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