Volume 38, Number 3, June 2020
|580 - 588
|06 August 2020
Study on Cruise Drag Characteristics of Low Drag Normal Layout Civil Aircraft
School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
This paper focus on the wing shape related drag reduction measures of normal layout civil aircraft, through the drag reduction to improve the aircraft performance. Mainly by the laminar flow wing to reduce skin drag and weak shock wave wing to reduce shock drag, to keep a section of laminar zone on the wing leading edge to reduce skin drag, the wing profile's pressure distribution transit from the middle part's tonsure pressure zone to the trailing edge's inverse pressure gradient zone gentle to reduce the shock drag. The wing body junction plus the body belly fairing to increase the junction flow velocity, through increase flow velocity to weak the boundary layer stacked at the junction, improve the drag performance. The blended winglet to reduce the wing tip induced drag, study the shape parameters impact on the drag reduction, longitudinal moment and directional moment, attain the winglet model with drag reduction effect, suitable pitching moment and directional moment. For the wing body fairing have significant impact on the wing shape lower surface pressure distribution, the winglet have important impact on the wing tip flow, so the single part drag reduction measure is not feasible, need to carry out integrated drag reduction study on the wing related three drag reduction measures, and study the drag reduction measure's drag reduction decrement, put a reference for the normal layout civil aircraft's drag reduction. Through the above drag reduction measure's assessment attain the effect of drag reduction and rising the normal layout civil aircraft's cruise ratio, improving the cruise performance.
Key words: low drag normal layout civil aircraft / drag reduction / skin drag / shock wave drag / wing body fairing and drag reduction / blended winglet / induced drag / cruise factor
关键字 : 低阻常规布局客机 / 减阻 / 摩阻 / 波阻 / 翼身整流减阻 / 翼梢小翼 / 诱导阻力 / 巡航因子
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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