Volume 38, Number 3, June 2020
|571 - 579
|06 August 2020
An Unsteady Momentum Source Method and Its Application in Simulation of Hovering Rotor
School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
The efficiency and accuracy of numerical simulation on power unit is the key to study the relevant aerodynamic layout with multiple rotating power units. However, the numerical simulation of the power unit using real geometry all faces the problem of low solution efficiency. Taking the rotor hovering state as an example, the real blade was firstly simplified and replaced by a thin mesh disk to establish the effective momentum source method. Then, using fan-shaped mesh region that changes with time to replace real blade and simulate the rotation, the unsteady momentum source method which could get the revolution of tip vortex was proposed. The results show that the momentum source method with the input of accurate blade force distribution can simulate rotor wake better, and the influence that blade geometry acts on wake mainly reflects in the blade force distribution. In addition, the unsteady momentum source method can simulate the revolution of tip vortex, and its consumptions of computing resources and calculation time are only about 1/8 of the unsteady numerical simulation based on the real geometry.
Key words: momentum source method / unsteady flow / numerical simulation / hovering rotor / tip vortex
关键字 : 动量源法 / 非定常 / 数值模拟 / 旋翼悬停 / 桨尖涡
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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