Volume 39, Number 1, February 2021
|Page(s)||148 - 158|
|Published online||09 April 2021|
Two-stage aerodynamic optimization method based on early termination of CFD convergence and variable-fidelity model
Efficient aerodynamic design optimization method is of great value for improving the aerodynamic performance of little UAV's airfoil. Using engineering or semi-engineering estimation method to analyze aerodynamic forces in solving aerodynamic optimization problems costs little computational time, but the accuracy cannot be guaranteed. However, CFD method ensuring high accuracy needs much more computational cost, which is unfordable for optimization. Surrogate-based optimization can reduce the number of high-fidelity analyses to increase the optimization efficiency. However, the cost of CFD analyses is still huge for aerodynamic optimization due to multiple design variables, multi-optimal and strong nonlinearities. To solve this problem, a two-stage aerodynamic optimization method based on early termination of CFD convergence and variable-fidelity model is proposed. In the first optimization stage, the solutions by early termination CFD convergence and the convergenced CFD solutions are regarded as low-and high-fidelity data respectively for building variable-fidelity model. Then, the multi-island genetic algorithm is used in the global optimization based on the built variable-fidelity model. The modeling efficiency can be greatly improved due to many cheap low-fidelity data. In the second stage optimization, the global optimum from the first optimization stage is treated as the start of the Hooke-Jeeves algorithm to search locally based on convergenced CFD computations in order to acquire better-optimum. The proposed method is utilized in optimizing the aerodynamic performance of the airfoil of little UAV, and is compared with the EGO method based on single-fidelity Kriging surrogate model. The results show that the present two-level aerodynamic optimization method consumes less time.
Key words: variable-fidelity model / early termination of CFD convergence / two-stage aerodynamic optimization / Kriging model / airfoil optimization
关键字 : 变复杂度模型 / CFD收敛提前终止 / 两级气动优化 / Kriging代理模型 / 翼型优化设计
© 2021 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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