Volume 40, Number 2, April 2022
|Page(s)||253 - 260|
|Published online||03 June 2022|
Study on the effect of transition process on rotor hovering simulation
School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
Hovering is one of important statuses to evaluate the aerodynamic performance of a rotor. With the development of the computer technology and CFD technique, the numerical methods based on the first principle are usually employed to evaluate the hovering performance of the rotor. The transition process will evidently affect the results from the RANS-based numerical simulations in some steady cases for the fixed wing aircrafts, which should be taken into consideration in the design process. But it's not clear whether the transition process would affect the numerical results for the rotor simulation. To provide the reference in designing and evaluating the rotorcraft, the effect of the transition process in the rotor simulation needs to be discussed further. The PSP rotor proposed by NASA is calculated using the in-house solver based on the overset grid in this paper. Simulations are performed with fully turbulent model as well as the transitional model and the results are compared to the experimental data. The results prove the superior ability to simulate the flow around a hovering rotor of the in-house solver. The relative errors of the numerical results are under 5%. The range of the laminar flow on the blade is proportional to the rotor thrust, which causes a higher Figure of Merit in transition simulation than the fully turbulent simulation. The sectional pressure distribution and torque distribution along the blade apparently suffer from the transition process, which doesn't affect the thrust distribution along the blade and the blade vortex wake flow under the rotor disk. An obvious flow separation on the surface of the blade can be observed in the transition simulation compared to the fully turbulent simulation.
Key words: hovering simulation / dynamic overset grid / γ-Reθt transition model / PSP rotor
关键字 : 旋翼悬停模拟 / 动态嵌套网格 / γ-Reθt转捩模型 / PSP旋翼
© 2022 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.