Volume 38, Number 3, June 2020
|Page(s)||550 - 557|
|Published online||06 August 2020|
Globally Asymptotic Stable Attitude Estimation with Application to MEMS Sensors
School of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129, China
Aiming at the requirement of attitude information module with high precision, small size and low power consumption for the control of miniature UAV, a practical attitude estimation algorithm based on the micro-electro-mechanical sensor is proposed in this paper, which realizes the accurate estimation of the attitude of the UAV under the condition of low acceleration. A low-cost MEMS gyroscope, accelerometer, and magnetometer are used in the system. The Euler angle is obtained by the state observer method based on Direction Cosine Matrix (DCM) which can be got by fusing the sensor data. Firstly, based on the basic idea of TRIAD algorithm, a method to determine the attitude rotation matrix by accelerometer and magnetometric measurement is proposed. Compared with the traditional method, this method does not have to calculate the inverse of the matrix. Secondly, a state observer is intended to estimate the attitude of the system. The state observer doesn't have to observe the bias of the gyroscope, but still ensures the convergence of the Euler angle. Finally, the simulation based on the actual sampling data of the MEMS sensor shows that the output of the state observer designed in this paper still has high accuracy and good dynamic characteristics under the condition of gyroscope noise and bias.
Key words: MEMS sensor / state observer / state estimation / gyroscope bias / miniature UAV / attitude estimation
关键字 : MEMS传感器 / 状态观测器 / 状态估计 / 陀螺仪零偏
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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