Volume 39, Number 4, August 2021
|883 - 890
|23 September 2021
Experimental study on the performance of ultra high pressure common rail system
College of Power Engineering, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033, China
In order to overcome the difficulties of high pressure source design and parts integration in the injector, realizing the ultra high pressure injection and controllable fuel injection rate, an ultra high pressure common rail system based on domestic basic materials and manufacturing technology level was proposed and designed. The working principle of this system was first introduced; the performance test bench of ultra high pressure common rail system was built. Then, the influence of pressure-amplifier device structure parameters on the pressurization pressure peak was analyzed quantitatively, and on the basis of selecting the most appropriate combination of parameters, the pressure and fuel injection rate control characteristics were conducted. The results show that ultra high pressure common rail system can magnify fuel pressure to ultra high pressure state (more than 200 MPa) and by changing the control signal timing of pressure-amplifier device and injector solenoid valve, the flexible and controllable fuel injection rate can be achieved. Under the condition of the same pressurization ratio, the peak value of pressurization pressure increases gradually, and with the increase of pressurization ratio, the increasing trend of the pressurization pressure peak value is nonlinear. At the same time, under the same condition of spring preload, the greater of the spring stiffness, the higher of the rail base pressure can bear, that means the pressure-amplifier device can achieve pressurization at a higher base pressure. But if the spring stiffness is too large, the solenoid valve of pressure-amplifier device will not be opened due to insufficient electromagnetic force, so the specific selection should be considered in a compromise.
Key words: controllable fuel injection rate / ultra high pressure common rail system / performance / test study
关键字 : 可控喷油速率 / 超高压共轨系统 / 性能 / 试验研究
© 2021 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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