Volume 40, Number 4, August 2022
|875 - 882
|30 September 2022
Orbital maneuver technology of temporary networked satellites for earth exploration
Xi′an Satellite Control Center, Xi′an 710043, China
2 Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi′an 710072, China
It is very difficult to achieve effective coverage of hot-spot target in a short time period by earth perturbation for orbital maneuver, because the coverage gap of the temporary multi-satellites network in certain period of time is too large. In this paper, it is assumed that wave beam type of the satellite-payload sensor is a simple conic, the beam center of the satellite payload under the maximum lateral pendulum is calculated based on the precise ephemeris, and according to the projection ellipse of the payload wave beam on the ground, the coverage ability of the satellite payload on the ground target direction is obtained. Then the satellite is designed to encounter the ground target in the nodal period between the satellite passing the ground target and the latitude circle. The orbital maneuver control variables are calculated from the change of nodal period, and the optimal orbital maneuver control variables are selected from a specified time period. At last, the orbit maneuver in covering the target in a specified time period is achieved and the maximum revisit interval is greatly shortened.
Key words: target exploration / orbital maneuver / projection ellipse / nodal period / control variables
关键字 : 目标勘查 / 轨道机动 / 投影椭圆 / 交点周期 / 控制量
© 2022 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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