Volume 37, Number 4, August 2019
|Page(s)||838 - 845|
|Published online||23 September 2019|
Estimation for Two-Dimensional Incoherently Distributed Source in Double L-Shape Arrays
School of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2 School of Marine Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
Distributed sources can be regarded as an assembly of point sources within a spatial distribution. In this paper, we explore the estimation of the two-dimensional incoherently distributed sources using double L-shape arrays. The rotational invariance properties of the nominal elevation and nominal elevation are firstly obtained by taking first-order Taylor series expansions with regard to the generalized steering vectors of two pairs of parallel subarrays. The rotation operators can be solved based on signal subspace. Then the nominal elevation and nominal elevation can be obtained from parameters matching method. Estimation of direction of arrival can be used in multi-source scenario and needn't peak-finding search. Lastly the angular spreads can be solved through two-dimensional Capon search based on nominal angles. The simulation experiments show that the proposed method has good performance on the estimation of two-dimensional incoherently distributed sources. Investigating different experimental conditions, sources with different angular spreads, simulations are conducted to validate better estimation accuracy of the proposed method.
Key words: direction of arrival / incoherently distributed sources / generalized steering vectors / double L-shape arrays
关键字 : 波达方向 / 非相干分布源 / 广义方向矢量 / 双L型阵列
© 2019 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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