Volume 39, Number 4, August 2021
|Page(s)||810 - 817|
|Published online||23 September 2021|
Numerical simulation of cavitation characteristics in high speed water entry of head-jetting underwater vehicle
School of Marine Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2 Key Laboratory of Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Technology of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Xi’an 710072, China
Autonomous underwater vehicle will be subjected to a huge impact load during high speed water entry, which will damage the structure and the internal instruments of the vehicle. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the buffer mechanism of the vehicle during the process of water-entry. In this paper, a kind of head-jetting device with disk cavitation is used. The complex cavitation forms, under the three-phase coupling of gas, liquid and solid, in the water entry process of the vehicle on which the device is installed. In this paper, the numerical simulation of high-speed water entry of the vehicle equipped with head jet device is carried out. Through the analysis of water entry cavitation under typical working conditions, the following conclusions are obtained. After the installation of head jet device, the water entry cavity of the vehicle changes gradually from cone to spindle shape. The air jet, compared with that without jet, can promote the formation of water inlet supercavitation, decrease the interaction area between the vehicle and water, and reduce the impact load during water entry. At the same water entry depth, the diameter of cavitation increases with the amount of air jet. The water entry velocity has a great influence on the difference of cavitation shape. The water entry depth closure phenomenon, when the water entry velocity is less than 100 m/s, can be observed in the depth of 3.5 times of the projectile length. The water entry angle has a significant effect on the cavitation shape. The cavity shows obvious asymmetry when the vehicle slants into the water, and the diameter and length of the bubbles decrease with the increase of the water entry angle. The research content of this paper provides technical support for the engineering practice of high-speed water entry and load reduction, and the conclusions are of great significance in related fields.
Key words: numerical simulation / underwater vehicle / water entry / cavitation / head-jetting
关键字 : 数值模拟 / 航行器 / 入水 / 空泡 / 头部喷气
© 2021 Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University. All rights reserved.
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